Chaand Raat (Bengali: চাঁদ রাত, Urdu: چاند رات, Hindi: चाँद रात; literally Night of the moon) is a Bengali, Urdu and Hindi locution used in Bangladesh, Pakistan and India for the eve of the Muslim festival of Eid ul-Fitr; it can also mean a night with a new moon for the new Islamic month shawwal. Chaand Raat is a time of celebration when families and friends gather in open areas at the end of the last day of Ramadan to spot the new moon, which signals the arrival of the Islamic month of Shawwal and the day of Eid. Once the moon is sighted, people wish each other Chaand Raat Mubarak (“Have a blessed night of the new moon”) or Eid Mubarak (“Blessings of the Eid day”). Women and girls decorate their hands with mehndi (henna), and people prepare desserts for the next day of Eid and do last rounds of shopping. City streets have a festive look, and brightly decorated malls and markets remain open late into the night. Chaand Raat is celebrated festively and passionately by Muslims (and occasionally non-Muslims as well) all over South Asia, and in socio-cultural significance, is comparable to Christmas Eve.
The term is derived from the Sanskrit words candrá (चंद्र) “moon” and rā́tri (रात्रि) “night”.
Chaand Raat celebrations occur on the eve of Eid ul-Fitr, which is celebrated on the 1st of Shawwal. The beginning of an Islamic month depends on the first sighting of the lunar crescent and thus the month of Ramadan can be of either 29 or 30 days. The new moon is announced by the Ruet-e-Hilal Committee and Chaand Raat occurs on the same evening (on which first lunar crescent of the month of Shawwal is observed). As the exact day of Eid ul-Fitr is dependent on the moon sighting, Chaand Raat is considered more festive on Eid ul-Fitr than Eid ul-Adha, which is known well in advance.
As soon as the Ruet-e-Hilal Committee announces the sighting of the new moon, announcements are made from mosques, television channels and radio stations. Festivities begin almost instantly and continue all night until the morning Fajr prayer. Entire families head out towards the local bazaars, markets and shopping malls. Women usually purchase items such as Shalwar Kameez, bangles, jewellery and bags while men mostly concentrate on shoes. Gifts and sweets are brought for friends while toys are brought for children. Barbar shops and beauty parlors are also heavily visited in the evening in preparation for the following day. Women and girls decorate their hands with mehndi as well. Decorative lights are put up in markets as well as government buildings, banks and mosques. Chaand Raat also gives a chance for people to meet with friends and extended family.
For most women in Pakistan, a career in a field as traditionally male-dominated as soldiering is still a remote prospect. It’s also a tough slog, regardless of gender.
Lady Cadet Wardah Noor prepares to lead a mock attack during field exercises.
Woman in a green beret on the front lines of gender equality with Pakistan’s lady cadets
By Aeyliya Husain
Lady Cadet Wardah Noor, a slim 24-year-old Pakistani with deep-set eyes and an erect bearing, has pinned all her hopes on becoming a soldier.
“I found my civilian life to be slow moving and unsatisfying,” she told me one evening in September after a full day of class and training exercises at the prestigious Pakistan Military Academy (PMA). Raised in a middle-class home, Wardah had already earned a college degree in computer science but found little opportunity in her small village in Pakistan’s Punjab province, where horse-driven carts were still the primary mode of transportation. She craved discipline and structure. She wanted, she realized, to join the army.
All the cadet colleges in Pakistan are constructed by the government officials as the first Cadet college in Pakistan was constructed in year 1954 by president of Pakistan Field Marshal Ayub Khan at Hasanabdal. Searching for Cadet Colleges In Pakistan than here is the complete list available on this page. Cadet colleges are some different kinds of colleges which works under the direct supervision of army and can produce such students who can serve community better and act as skilled army officers.
In Pakistan the concept of sending their child to the Cadet college get much popularity as because of the rules and regulation of the Pak Army. If we look into the history of cadet college than we come to know that the concept of this kind of cadet college was introduced first in Germany but only Military can send their child to that cadet college. Pak Army men are said to be the men at his best so every parents wants to see his son as a army officer or at least act like an officer by attitude which is build here in the Cadet Colleges. Here down are the complete list of Cadet Colleges In Pakistan have a look.