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What is IQ? What is intelligence?

by Pasban on November 2, 2020 No comments

What is IQ? What is intelligence?

By Dr. Edwin van Thiel, updated February 18, 2019

In science, the term intelligence typically refers to what we could call academic or cognitive intelligence. In their book on intelligence, professors Resing and Drenth (2007)* answer the question ‘What is intelligence?’ using the following definition: “The whole of cognitive or intellectual abilities required to obtain knowledge, and to use that knowledge in a good way to solve problems that have a well described goal and structure.”

In ordinary language, one could say that intelligence refers to how smart or clever you are.

The first intelligence tests used in the field of psychology

The scales designed by Binet and Simon were the first intelligent tests that became widely accepted at the beginning of the 20th century. The Alpha and Beta army tests, that were used in World war I to assess military personnel, became very popular.

In recent years, the Wechsler scales are the most widely used instruments in the field of psychology for measuring intelligence. The designer of these tests, Wechsler, published his first scale in the 1930s. He used material from the Binet Alpha and Beta tests to make his test. An important feature of his test was, that when calculating the IQ, this test took age into account. In other words, in the computation of the IQ, an age-correction takes place. Because of this feature, the IQ stays constant over the life span.

The Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

IQ is an acronym for Intelligence Quotient. So what is IQ? The IQ is a measurement of your intelligence and is expressed in a number.

A person’s IQ can be calculated by having the person take an intelligence test. The average IQ is 100. If you achieve a score higher than 100, you are smarter than the average person, and a lower score means you are (somewhat) less smart.

An IQ tells you what your score is on a particular intelligence test, often compared to your age-group. The test has a mean score of 100 points and a standard deviation of 15 points. What does this standard deviation mean? It means that 68 percent of the population score an IQ within the interval 85-115. And that 95 percent of the population scores within the interval 70-130.

Some examples

What does it mean when your IQ is 100? That means that half of the population scores higher than you. The other half scores lower than you. And what does it mean when you have an IQ of 130? That means that 97,5 percent of your age group scores lower than you. Only 2,5 percent scores higher.

Take a look at a nice graph explaining more scores at meaning of an IQ score.

Further reading: Increasing your IQ and multiple intelligences. You can also take a free IQ test, or read the article on the history of the IQ test.

* Resing, W., & Drenth, P. (2007). Intelligence: knowing and measuring. Amsterdam: Publisher Nieuwezijds

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Army Physical Training

by Pasban on October 29, 2020 No comments

Army School of Physical Training


1. Physical Training School was raised at Ambala and shifted same year to Chaklala.

2. Relocated to Toba Camp in 1948.

3. Shifted to present location with the name of Army School of Mountain Warfare and Physical Training.

4. In 1988, Snow Warfare Course was assign to Army High Altitude School, Mountain and Liaison Officer remained with Army School Mountain Warfare and Physical Training.

5. In 2000, Mountain and Liaison Officer Courses also shifted to Army High Altitude School and School was renamed as Army School of Physical Training.

6. Adventure and Unarmed Combat & Bayonet Fighting Courses were introduced in 2001.


The Army School of Physical Training is located at Kakul about 9 kms away from Abbottabad (Pakistan). The nearest Railway Station is Havelian, which is 24 kms from the School. There is a regular Taxi service from Havelian to Abbottabad to Upper Kakul. Troop Bus for the Army personnel is also available on this route for all trains.

Being a Hill Station, Abbottabad is very cold in winter and sometimes the minimum temperature drops to zero. Snowfall is a common feature from December to February. During summer it rains heavily and the temperature seldom rises above 30° C. Abbottabad enjoys a very healthy climate throughout the year.

Educational Philosophy

Major effort goes in to train officers and men in Basic and Advance Physical Training. We produce instructors for the units and training institutions of the Pakistan Army. The best facilities of the country are available for Physical Training. We run adventure sports oriented courses i.e. Hang Gliding, Para Gliding, Water Sports (Water Skiing, Wind Surfing), Fencing and Archery for volunteer officers and men of the Armed Forces. We are the flag bearer of the above adventure sports.

The Faculty

During the courses run in the school, Officers/ Junior Commissioned Officers and Non Commissioned Officers undergo training evaluation process; best out of them selected, depending on their performance, are recommended as instructors in school.

The Courses

        • Master Fitness Instructor Course (MFIC)
          • Duration – 11 Weeks
          • Intake Strength – 25 x Officers and 250 x Non Commission Officer / Soldiers
          • Frequency – 2 Courses Per Year
        • Unarmed Combat & Bayonet Fighting Course (UCBC)
          • Duration – 8 Weeks
          • Intake Strength – 130 x Non Commission Officer / Soldiers
          • Frequency – 2 Courses Per Year
        • Advance Unarmed Combat & Bayonet Fighting Course (Adv UCBC)
          • Duration – 6 Weeks
          • Intake Strength – 85 x Non Commission Officer / Soldiers
          • Frequency – 2 Courses Per Year
        • Para Gliding Course (PGC)
          • Duration – 2 Weeks
          • Intake Strength
            • For Army Para Gliding Course – 40 x Officers, Junior Commission Officers and Soldiers
            • For Pakistan Military Academy – 75 x Pakistan Military Academy Para Gliding Course Cadets
            • For Unarmed Combat & Bayonet – 25 x Best students of Advance Fighting Course, Para Gliding Unarmed Combat & Bayonet Course Fighting Course
            • For Civilian Para Gliding Course – As per demand
          • Frequency – 2 Courses Per Year
        • Hang Gliding Course (HGC)
          • Duration – 3 Weeks
          • Intake Strength – 40 x Non Commission Officer / Soldiers
          • Frequency – 2 Courses Per Year
        • Power Gliding Course
          • Duration – 2 Weeks
          • Intake Strength – 40 x Non Commission Officer / Soldiers
          • Frequency – 2 Courses Per Year
        • Sports Coaching Courses
          • Duration – 3 Weeks
          • Intake Strength – 34 x Non Commission Officer / Soldiers
          • Frequency – 6 Courses Per Year
          • Courses – Hockey, Volleyball, Football, Handball, Kabadi, Swimming, Karate, Athletics, Wrestling, Basketball, Baseball, Taekwondo, Judo, Boxing and Karate
      • Water Sports Course (WSC)
        • Duration – 1 Weeks
        • Intake Strength – 30 x Officers / Junior Commission Officer / Soldiers
        • Courses – 2 x Courses for Students ex Advance Unarmed Combat & Bayonet Fighting Course and 1 x Army Water Sports course per year
        • Facilities Available – Water skiing, Knee Boarding, Wind Surfing, Para Sailing, Jet Ski, Speed Boat, Banana Boat

Selection Criteria

    • Master Fitness Instructor Course (MFIC)
      • Age below 30 years for Non Commission Officers and 26 years for Soldiers
      • 3.2 Kilo Meter in 14 Minutes
      • 40 Push Ups in 2 Minutes
      • 45 Sit Ups in 2 Minutes
      • 8 Chin Ups
      • Medical Fit and Category A


    • Unarmed Combat & Bayonet Fighting Course (UCBC)
      • Maximum age 30 Years
      • Preferably Physical Training Course qualified
      • Volunteer


    • Advance Unarmed Combat & Bayonet Fighting Course (Adv UCBC)
      • Students are selected on their performance in Basic Unarmed Combat & Bayonet Fighting Course
  • Sports Coaching Courses
    • Must have represented Division team in the Zonal Championship
    • Ex Army / National / International players be preferred

Extra-Curricular Activities

Recreational facilities of indoor and outdoor games like, squash, gymnastics, weight training, badminton, tennis, football, hockey, handball, basketball, volleyball and hiking are available next to the living accommodation of officers and men.

Extra-Curricular Activities

Afghanistan Bangladesh Iraq Jordan Lebanon Libya Malaysia Malawi
Maldives Mayammar Nepal Nigeria Omman Palestine Saudia Arabia Sri Lanka
South Africa Sudan Turkmenistan Turkey Uganda Zimbabwe


    • Training Ground
    • Gymnasium Hall
    • Class Rooms
    • Foreign Officers Quarters
    • Officer Students Living Accommodation
    • Junior Commissioned Officers/ Soldiers living accommodation
    • Cinema Hall


It is indeed an opportunity to train oneself and at the same time explore and unveil the beautiful valleys and mountains of Pakistan. Students from allied countries like USA, France, Italy, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Maldives, Sudan, Sweden and Germany have already joined our courses and expeditions. We believe in imparting best possible training, providing maximum facilities and comfort.

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Military Colleges in Pakistan

by Pasban on October 27, 2020 No comments

Military Colleges in Pakistan

Three Military Colleges in Pakistan

Military College Jhelum

Military College Jhelum (MCJ) is a feeder military high school, located at Sarai Alamgir (Jhelum District) but now in (Gujrat District), Pakistan. Though it is physically located in Gujrat District, due to its very close proximity it is still associated with the City of Jhelum, and is considered to be in the cantonment limit of Jhelum. The institution feeds the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul. Military College Jhelum is one of three military colleges in Pakistan; the others being Military College Murree and Military College Sui.


The college’s foundation stone was laid on 3 March 1922 by the Prince of Wales. as the King George Royal Indian Military School (KGRIMS) at the Jhelum and Jallandhar cantonments in Punjab Province (Jallandhar is now in the Indian state of Punjab but the school was relocated and renamed as the Chail Military School). Regular classes at the college began on 15 September 1925.


Military College Jhelum is located in the district of Gujrat in the town of Sarai Alamgir. Due to its proximity to city of Jhelum and because original Jhelum was on Sarai Alamgir side plus the inclusion of Sarai Alamgir in district Jhelum before 1998, it is widely known as Military College Jhelum (MCJ).

Military College Murree

Military College Murree or MCM, is a military high school, located at Upper Topa, Murree Tehsil, Pakistan. Military College Murree is very close to Rawalpindi thus allowing easy access to it. The institution leeds the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul. Military College Murree is one of the 3 Military Colleges in Pakistan.


The colleges foundation stone was laid on 1 September 2008 by the General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani.

Student Life

The students are called cadets. Cadets take part in sports such as field hockey, football, basketball, volleyball, squash, tennis and horse riding. Fitness activities include judo, karate, gymnastics, jogging and running. Physical training (PT) is conducted in the morning and sports in the evening. Students are taught drill and shooting.

Military College SUI

Military College Sui is a military school located in the town of Sui in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. It is owned and operated by the Pakistan Army and feeds the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul.

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